This is what they are running from. That piece, entitled 10 simple points to help you understand the Syria conflictwent on to be one of the most clicked stories ever produced by this website.
We can do this. We have to do this. Read, and be informed. With good reason—we should focus on this heartbreaking, volatile region.
I knew I wanted to write about this country, but I also knew there was no way on earth I was going to pretend like I understood all the ins and outs of it all.
Not stuff I wanted to get into around here. Keeping up with world events is important. So here you are… a brief history of Syria. The ancient era Archaeologists believe the original civilization in Syria was one of the most ancient on earth.
Syria is home to one of the oldest cities ever excavated—Ebla, believed to exist around 3, BCE, is where people spoke one of the oldest known written languages.
Several hundred years later, Pompey the Great captured the Greek capital of Antioch now part of Turkey, but what was once Syriaturning it into a Roman province.
Syria has a vastly diverse beginning. Syria is also important in early Christian Church history—Paul the Apostle converted on the road to Damascus and was a significant figure at the local church in Antioch, where people were first called Christians.
Several hundred years later, it was conquered by Muslim Arabs, transferring power to the Islamic Empire. Damascus was its capital and the empire spread far and wide, making the city prosperous—ancient palaces and mosques still stand from the era. It is believed that Christians lived in Syria peacefully during the early years of the empire, and several held governmental posts.
The Byzantines eventually won out, but things were still chaotic for hundreds of years. For the next several centuries, Syria was held by Crusader states, Mongols, Egyptians, Mamluks, and inTimur Lenk a Turko-Mongol general from Central Asia captured Damascus, where many of the people were massacred and the Christian population suffered persecution.
Oddly enough, the artisans were spared and deported to Samarkand. Got all this so far? InSyria was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, and it remained part until its collapse in There was peace during most of these centuries.
In elections were held for a constituent assembly, which included a Syrian constitution, but France rejected the idea, leading to more protests.
Eventually, inFrance and Syria negotiated a treaty of independence, allowing Syria to maintain independence in theory, even though France held military and economic dominance. But the French never ratified the treaty, and when they themselves were captured in during World War II, Syria was briefly held by Vichy France axis-controlled until British occupied the land in Syria was finally recognized as an independent republic inand the French military eventually left by It became officially independent on April 17,but between then and the late 50s, it had 20 different cabinets and four constitutions.
Not a very stable government, to say the least. In Syria got involved in the Arab-Israeli War out of protest from the establishment of Israel, and once the demilitarized zone under UN supervision was established, future Syrian-Israel negotiations became volatile and remain heavily so since.
Many Syrian Jews left the country.
There were three three! Because of the Suez Crisis inSyria signed a pact with the Soviet Union, allowing a Communist foothold in the government in exchange for military equipment. This angered neighboring Turkey, but brought Syria closer to Egypt because of their socialist leanings at the time.
Syria broke ties and became the Syrian Arab Republic, and most of the 60s were characterized by frequent coups, military revolts, bloody riots, and civil disorders.
There were also tons of issues involving the demilitarized zone in Israel and their occupation of Golan Heights, and they leaned closer and closer toward a socialist regime with Soviet blocs as their allies. Eventually, the Minister of Defense, a guy named Hafez al-Assad, seized power in a bloodless coup inand thus began a new era for 30 years.
Shortly after gaining power, Assad created a new legislature and local councils to govern smaller provinces, consolidated political parties, wrote a new constitution againdeclared Syria a secular socialist state with Islam as the majority religion, and launched a surprise attack on Israel with Egypt.
Syria joined the US-led coalition against Iraq inleading to better relations in the West, but when Assad died inhis son Bashar al-Assad became his successor at age 34 parliament quickly changed the mandatory minimum age of the President from 40 so that he could take charge.
He officially ran for president, but he ran unopposed and earned People were initially positive at the start of his regime, and even called this super-short era Damascus Spring, hopeful there would be change in the dictatorial style of leadership from his father.
But only one year later, pro-reform movements were suppressed, leading intellectuals were arrested, and inthe U. Syria was accused of being behind the assassination of the Lebanese prime minister in Photo courtesy Reuters InAssad met with French president Nicolas Sarkozy and the new Lebanese president Michel Suleiman, laying down foundations for better diplomacy between the countries, and they even hosted a summit including Turkey and Qatar with the goal of Middle East peace.Syria explained in 10 simple points.
A Western perspective on the crisis AS DESPERATE people flee in their millions, Australia is launching headlong into this hell on Earth. Because of the Suez Crisis in , Syria signed a pact with the Soviet Union, allowing a Communist foothold in the government in exchange for military equipment.
This angered neighboring Turkey, but brought Syria closer to Egypt because of their socialist leanings at the time. Quick facts: What you need to know about the Syria crisis Share this story: But one fact is simple: millions of Syrians need our help.
According to the U.N., $ billion was required to meet the urgent needs of the most vulnerable Syrians in — but only a little more than half was received.
When did the crisis in Syria start. Sep 18, · What is going on in Syria and why? This animation explains the events that have led to the ongoing civil war in the Middle Eastern country, which is reported to have claimed over , lives.
|Syria crisis - CBS News||Here is how and why the conflict started: What caused the uprising?|
|Syria explained: 10 simple facts about the civil war and refugee crisis||This is what they are running from. That piece, entitled 10 simple points to help you understand the Syria conflictwent on to be one of the most clicked stories ever produced by this website.|
Syria is a country in the Middle East, the west part of Asia. It borders (from south to north) on Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq, and Turkey.
Its western part faces the Mediterranean Sea. The Syrian civil war, also known as the Syrian uprising or Syrian crisis (Arabic: الأزمة السورية ), is an ongoing armed conflict in Syria. It is a conflict between forces of the Ba'ath government and forces who want to remove this government.