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As age increases, older drivers generally become more conservative on the road. Many mature drivers modify their driving habits for instance to avoid busy highways or night-time driving to match their declining capabilities. However, statistics show that older drivers are more likely than younger ones to be involved in multi-vehicle crashes, particularly at intersections.
Ads Research on age-related driving concerns has shown that at around the age of 65 drivers face an increased risk of being involved in a vehicle crash. After the age of 75, the risk of driver fatality increases sharply, because older drivers are more vulnerable to both crash-related injury and death.
Three behavioral factors in particular may contribute to these statistics: Concern about the increased number of older drivers and their potentially decreased driving abilities is growing, especially among younger drivers. Statistics, based on all people injured or killed in traffic crashes, indicate that older drivers are at a disproportionate risk for becoming involved in fatal crashes.
Inmore than 24 million people in the United States were over 70 years of age.
Representing 9 percent of the population inthe and-older age group grew 2. In older drivers were 7 percent of licensed drivers; in they were 19 percent of licensed drivers. Of traffic fatalities involving older drivers, 82 percent happened in the daytime, 71 percent occurred on weekdays, and 75 percent involved a second vehicle.
When a crash involved an older driver and a younger driver, the older driver was 3 times as likely as the younger driver to be the one struck. Moreover, 28 percent of crash-involved older drivers were turning left when they were struck-- 7 times more often than younger drivers were struck while making left turns.
Older drivers involved in fatal crashes and fatally injured older pedestrians claimed the lowest proportion of intoxication--defined as a blood alcohol concentration of 0.
While only 55 percent of adult vehicle occupants ages 18 to 69 involved in fatal crashes were using restraints at the time of the crash, 70 percent of fatal- crash-involved older occupants were using restraints. Drivers over 65, along with new teen-age drivers, have the highest accident rates per miles driven.
Another NHTSA study found that on the basis of estimated annual travel, the fatality rate for drivers 85 and over is nine times as high as the rate for drivers 25 through 69 years old. Lawrence Nitz, a political scientist from the University of Hawaii, conducted a three-year study of Hawaiian traffic records and found that drivers over 75 were far more likely than other motorists to be cited for certain offenses, including failing to yield to pedestrians, backing up unsafely and failing to stop at a flashing red light.
What is being done to address the problem? Mandatory driving tests - California, which requires retesting for anyone involved in a fatal crash or three or more crashes in one year, requires drivers over 70 to retest if they are involved in two or more crashes in one year.
They claim that a person's chronological age is not an accurate predictor of driving ability. The lobbyists argue that if seniors are forced to take mandatory roadtests in the absence of an incident, other age groups should be required to take them as well.
Deficit reporting laws - Pennsylvania is one state that has a physician's reporting law, requiring physicians to report disabilities that may affect driving ability. Some physicians, however, are reluctant to jeopardize their relationship with a patient by making such a referral.
Most other states do not require physicians to report psycho-motor, visual, and cognitive deficiencies that may affect driving to licensing agencies. What else can be done? Deficit screening - Screening could be given to all drivers for whom age-related decline is suspected and whose performance is viewed as a safety concern for themselves and other motorists.
In addition, health professionals and others who work with older populations could administer the tests. Screening could become a part of the regular process of license renewal.
By reducing testing time, drivers could be quickly screened and identified either as capable, or as in need of further testing. Crash statistics - DMV Department of Motor Vehicles and insurance company records can help identify high-risk older drivers.
In addition to crash counts, the details of the crash roadway condition, time of day, location, fault are important.Jan 20, · When should elderly people stop driving? DETROIT — Jim Bassett turns 72 next month and still drives himself wherever he needs to go.
Bassett, who lives in Roseville, Mich., assumes he might have to give up driving some day.
Essay on Putting Elderly Parents in Anursing Home; Essay on Putting Elderly Parents in Anursing Home. Words Jan 14th, 5 Pages. Show More. Putting elderly parents in a nursing home verses keeping them at home. Essay Elderly Neglect. Our Elders are People Too Our Elders are People Too.
A large amount of the population in our country. Frequently people being placed in a nursing home look at it as a one-stop place before dying.
This feeling has nothing to do with the quality of care that the nursing home offers, but is just their way of thinking. Yes I agree the elderly should be retested regularly but the same should go for young hoons who think they are invinisble and they own the roads, I am 55 and have seen more reckless driving from the young people of today than the elderly people of today.
The Elderly: Where Should We Put Them, and Who Should Pay? Sven Mawson Poverty & Prejudice: Social Security at the Crossroads Friday, June 04, America has a lot of old people. Old people run the country, old people have most of the money, and old people do most of the voting.
For starters, although elderly people have a large. Mar 21, · should old people be taken care at home or be placed in old people's house? More detail would be better ⌂ It is true most older adults would prefer to remain in their own homes with new services like in home health care agencies, adult day cares, senior centers, and respite opportunities for family members this is sometimes Status: Resolved.