Historically, there are three broad theoretical models of criminal behavior: A psychological B sociological C biological All infer different methods of control, but it is difficult to completely separate the three categories as it is generally accepted that all three of the factors play a role in the expression of behavior. Moreover, psychological science consists of several disciplines including biological psychology and social psychology, so psychological principles could be applied across all three domains.
Crime and criminal profiling What is criminality?
Different perspectives of crime are important for the explanation of why individuals engage in deviant behavior and only a few become monsters in our society. Explaining each theory and each perspective will help explain the different reasons for the occurrence of crime and the identification of factors that cause an individual to become a criminal.
Theories of crime The study of criminological theory is an opportunity to analyze crime through explanations for the creation of criminals and criminal behavior.
Each theory explains a reason for crime, making logic of the causes for the criminal appeal. Making sense of the dilemmas that impact social structure, behavior, and change make it easier to understand what needs to be done to prevent the behavior and actions of a criminal.
Is crime caused by social or biological factors that encourage the dominance of the criminal behavior? Classical and biological theories of thought explain crime through two different considerations that are necessary for the rationalization of deviant behavior.
Although different perspectives are reasoned, the classical and biological explanations of crime are important for criminological behavior to be understood.
Each theory provides a different perspective for the drive to commit a crime and enables society with the information to identify and prevent the factors that may lead to the problems of crime and criminal behavior. Criminology Classical theory of crime The focus of rationality of human nature created the basis for the Classical theory of crime.
The idea that individuals can live together in harmony, and any individual that chooses to commit crimes chooses willingly without any other factors existing. The prevention of crime came from the fear that a person who stepped out of the norms of society would suffer the consequences of becoming an outcast.
If the benefit from the crime was more appealing than the punishment, then the criminal chose to commit the crime. Individuals are in agreement to the structure of society that shapes the behaviors and actions that are necessary to survive. Social contracts and the emphasis of law formation define human behavior and regulation of behavior to protect society against inherent self-interests or rationality of crime.
To create a system that deters crime from an unpleasant punishment will drive an individual to avoid the unfavorable outcome. The idea of a social contract is to provide an understanding of what is acceptable for the common pursuit of happiness for society, and the creation of a social order that minimizes the pursuit of personal interests.
The respect for society is the primary focus, and individual are expected to place the good of society before themselves. All individuals are considered rational and engage in crime for self intent, separate crime from social conditions of accountability by purporting individual decisions as the blame.
This holds validity for many individuals that lead to criminal behavior, but excludes the individuals that are irrational and lead to criminal behavior.
Biological theory of crime Biological theories of crime are different from Classical theories, shifting the focus from the explanation of rational individuals to irrational and uncontrollable human behavior.
This theory explains how crime is not an occurrence of social factors or benefits outweighing the punishments, but distinct biological factors that lead to criminal behavior by individuals. Physical and genetic factors constitute the ability of an individual to engage in criminal behavior.
Alterations to the body prevent the development of human bonds to society and prevent social development and normal behavior. Unlike the Classical perspective, the Biological perspective uses traditional scientific research techniques to form the study of human behavior to classify determinants that result in crime.
Treatment of the individual was a greater importance to deterring crime than the judicial laws that confine criminal behavior. The biological theory focuses on the uncontrollable aspect of an individual- their genetic alterations.
The biological theory for crime focuses on the likelihood that an individual will become a criminal. Genetic makeup and the development of and individual determines the degree of deviance that could dominate their decisions and actions in the future.
Criminology Importance of criminological theories The importance of classical and biological theories for explaining crime creates different perspectives to correcting criminal behavior and crime in society.Jul 21, · A) psychological. B) sociological. C) biological.
All infer different methods of control, but it is difficult to completely separate the three categories as it is generally accepted that all three of the factors play a role in the expression of caninariojana.coms: 4. Biological theories purport, that criminal behavior is caused by some flaw in individual’s biological makeup.
According to Raine Study, the causes may be Heredity, Neurotransmitter dysfunction and brain abnormalities, which could be caused either by the first two or trauma. This calculates the likelihood an individual will commit additional crime based on various factors such as prior criminal history, marital status, age, a history of drug or alcohol abuse.
In fact, genetic, physiological, and biochemical factors are causal agents in the same sense as family, social class, or neighborhood factors.
Of course, criminal behavior (like all other behavior) must be caused; one class of causal variables is the biological category.
Comparing Biological and Psychological Approaches to Crime I was interested in assessing two different approaches to the important issue of crime in society.
The articles I chose seek to find different causes to crime via psychological and biological approaches respectively. Biological Theories of Crime. The positivists (who used experimental or inductive method in making generalisations) rejected the concept of 'free will' advocated by the classicists and the neo-classicists and laid emphasis on the doctrine of 'determinism'.