The highest point is Mt. Kubonitu Sasari at 1, metres and Isabel is kilometres long the longest of the geographical Solomon Islands after Bougainville and thirty-two kilometres across at its widest point. The island was at one time known as Bugotu Mbughotu the name of the people living in the south. The expedition recorded Bilebau-Arra as the local name for the island.
The dates listed for each station are the first date the station was installed and the last date that data was collected. This does not guarantee that continuous data is available between these dates. View our Specials. Being one of the best resorts in Fiji, we want you to experience the perfect island resort holiday getaway with our amazing resort specials and offers. Vanuatu says it's not worried about a lack of support from PNG and Fiji on its push for West Papuan self-determination, as its plans to lobby countries around the world to support the resolution.
Early settlement and development of Fijian culture[ edit ] A Fijian mountain warrior, photograph by Francis Herbert Duftys. Fijian druas Located in the central Pacific OceanFiji's geography has made it both a destination and a crossroads for migrations for many centuries.
According to oral tradition, the indigenous Fijians of today are descendants of the chief Lutunasobasoba and those who arrived with him on the Kaunitoni canoe.
Landing at what is now Vudathe settlers moved inland to the Nakauvadra mountains. Though this oral tradition has not been independently substantiated, the An introduction to the turtle island fiji government officially promotes it, and many tribes today claim to be descended from the children of Lutunasobasoba.
It is believed that the Lapita people or the ancestors of the Polynesians settled the islands first but not much is known of what became of them after the Melanesians arrived; they may have had some influence on the new culture, and archaeological evidence shows that they would have then moved on to SamoaTonga and even Hawai'i.
Aspects of Fijian culture are similar to the Melanesian culture of the western Pacific but have a stronger connection to the older Polynesian cultures. Trade between Fiji and neighbouring archipelagos long before European contact is testified by the canoes made from native Fijian trees found in Tonga and Tongan words being part of the language of the Lau group of islands.
Pots made in Fiji have been found in Samoa and even the Marquesas Islands. In the 10th century, the Tu'i Tonga Empire was established in Tongaand Fiji came within its sphere of influence. The Tongan influence brought Polynesian customs and language into Fiji.
The empire began to decline in the 13th century. Fiji's history was one of settlement but also of mobility and over the centuries, a unique Fijian culture developed.
Large elegant watercraft with rigged sails called drua were constructed in Fiji, some being exported to Tonga.
Distinctive village architecture evolved consisting of communal and individual bure and vale housing with an advanced system of rampants and moats usually being constructed around the more important settlements.
Pigs were domesticated for food and a variety of agricultural plantations such as bananas existed from an early stage. Villages would also be supplied with water brought in by constructed wooden aqueducts. Fijians lived in societies that were led by chiefs, elders and notable warriors.
Spiritual leaders, often called bete, were also important cultural figures and the production and consumption of yaqona was part of their ceremonial and community rites.
Fijians developed a monetary system where the polished teeth of the sperm whalecalled tambua, became an active currency. A type of writing also existed which can be seen today in various petroglyphs around the islands. As with most other human civilisations, warfare was an important part of everyday life in pre-colonial Fiji and the Fijians were noted for their use of weapons such as decorative war-clubs and poisoned arrows.
This was especially the case concerning traditional Fijian spiritual beliefs. Early colonists and missionaries utilised and conflated the concept of cannibalism in Fiji to give a moral imperative for colonial intrusion. By labelling native Fijian customs as "debased and primitive", they were able to promote a narrative that Fiji was a "paradise wasted on savage cannibals".
Cannibalism, as an impression, was an effective racial tool deployed by the colonists that has endured through the s and into the modern day. Authors such as Deryck Scarr,  for example, have perpetuated 19th century claims of "freshly killed corpses piled up for eating" and ceremonial mass human sacrifice on the construction of new houses and boats.
During the Little War ofhe stated that the rare occasion of tasting of the flesh of the enemy was done "to indicate supreme hatred and not out of relish for a gastronomic treat". Studies conducted by scholars including Degusta,  Cochrane,  and Jones  provide evidence that cannibalism has been practiced in Fiji through skeletal modifications such as those due to burning or cutting.
In the Jones study, isotopic analysis of bone collagen provided evidence that human flesh had been consumed by Fijians, although it was likely a small and not necessarily regular part of the diet. Exocannibalism, or cannibalism of members of outsider tribes, and cannibalism practiced as a means of violence or revenge probably play a significantly smaller role than European accounts suggested, with nonviolent and ritualistic practices being more likely.
Bligh Waterthe strait between the two main islands, is named after him, and for a time, the Fiji Islands were known as the Bligh Islands. The first Europeans to maintain substantial contact with the Fijians were sandalwood merchants, whalers and "beche-de-mer" sea cucumber traders.
Some of the Europeans who came to Fiji in this period were accepted by the locals and were allowed to stay as residents.
Probably the most famous of these was a Swede by the name of Kalle Svenson, better known as Charlie Savage.Join Biosphere Expedition’s award-winning wildlife conservation expedition in Costa Rica to conduct endangered leatherback turtle conservation.
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Volunteers are based throughout a variety of Fijian communities, volunteering in and around Suva on the south eastern coast of mainland Fiji.