A survey of the introduction to personal computers

Smartphones Smartphones are hand-held computers. The current generation of smartphones run an amazing array of applications, making them quite general purpose. They have a keyboard and touch screen for input, with only a screen for output. Bluetooth wireless networking the same you may use for a phone headset handles the problem of connecting peripherals, and the Internet, which can be viewed as both an input and an output device for our purposes, handles more.

A survey of the introduction to personal computers

Other large technology companies such as Hewlett-Packard HPTexas Instruments TIand Data General had entered it, and some large IBM customers were buying Apples, [5] [6] [7] so the company saw introducing its own personal computer as both an experiment in a new market and a defense against rivals, large and small.

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Rumors abound about personal computers to come from giants such as Digital Equipment Corporation and the General Electric Company. But there is no contest.

IBM's new personal computer When the number eight company in the Fortune enters the field, that is news The influence of a personal computer made by a company whose name has literally come to mean "computer" to most of the world is hard to contemplate. The editorial acknowledged that "some factions in our industry have looked upon IBM as the 'enemy'", but concluded with optimism: In — a team led by Dr.

A survey of the introduction to personal computers

A non-working industrial design model was also created in by industrial designer Tom Hardy illustrating how the SCAMP engineering prototype could be transformed into a usable product design for the marketplace. This design model was requested by IBM executive Bill Lowe to complement the engineering prototype in his early efforts to demonstrate the viability of creating a single-user computer.

In the late s such a machine would have been nearly as large as two desks and would have weighed about half a ton. Later models followed in the trend: A Design History of Computer Vapourware. One such concept incode-named Aquarius, was a working prototype utilizing advanced bubble memory cartridges.

While this design was more powerful and smaller than Apple II launched the same year, the advanced bubble technology was deemed unstable and not ready for mass production.

It has nothing at all to do with office automation.

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Rhines of TI, for example, in met with a Boca Raton group considering the TMS for a secret bit microprocessor-based project [39] —but had determined from studying the market for years, and building the prototypes during the s, that IBM was unable to internally build a personal computer profitably.

Computer dealers were very interested in selling an IBM product, but told Lowe that the company could not design, sell, or service it as IBM had previously done. An IBM microcomputer, they said, must be composed of standard parts that store employees could repair.

Aware that the company needed to enter the market quickly [40] —even the schools in Broward Countynear Boca Raton, purchased Apples [41] —in July Lowe met with Opel, Cary, and others on the important Corporate Management Committee.

The crude prototype barely worked when he demonstrated it in August, but Lowe presented a detailed business plan that proposed that the new computer have an open architecture, use non-proprietary components and software, and be sold through retail stores, all contrary to IBM practice.

With Opel's strong support, in October it approved turning the group into another IBU codenamed "Project Chess" to develop "Acorn", with unusually large funding to help achieve the goal of introducing the product within one year of the August demonstration.

After Lowe's promotion Don Estridge became the head of Chess.

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How are you going to argue with that? The processor was more than an order of magnitude more powerful than the Inteland the operating system more advanced than the PC DOS 1.

IBM had recently developed the Datamaster business microcomputer, which used a processor and other chips from Intel; familiarity with them and the immediate availability of the was a reason for choosing it for the PC.Introduction General Information Laptop Computers Desktop Computers Personal Data Assistants (PDA) Types of Computers and/or Digital Tools Question 9.

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Start studying CISCO Networking Chapter 1: Introduction to the Personal Computer (Test "Part 1" on the first 98 Questions). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Introduction to Computers Types of Computers led to the proliferation of personal computers after about Early personal computers, generally called microcomputers, were sold often in kit form and in limited volumes and were of interest mostly to hobbyists and technicians.

Also, "[i]n an InformationWeek online survey of 1, Computer-assisted survey information collection CAPI (Computer-assisted personal interviewing) was enabled by the introduction of portable computers where a physically present interviewer brings the computer with the questionnaire to the respondent and enters the answers into it.

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Introduction to Computers: Types of Computers